Offshore wind power development is a key element in the development of sustainable energy systems, not only in Denmark but also in the neighbouring countries around the North Sea, where UK is leading the development in terms of installed offshore wind power capacity.

As an example, the figure above shows the locations of more than 100 GW offshore wind power as estimated in the EU TWENTIES project to be installed in 2030.
This illustrates that massive offshore wind power is expected to be concentrated in relatively small areas where the conditions are favorable.

The objective of the NSON-DK project is to study how the future massive offshore wind power and the associated offshore grid development will affect the Danish power system on short term, medium term and long term towards of the transition towards a future sustainable energy system.

The following research questions will have special attention in the project:

  • How will the offshore wind power development affect the variability and uncertainty of variable renewable generation in the Danish power system and neighboring systems?

  • How will this increased variability and uncertainty from the offshore wind power development together with onshore renewable generation development influence the balancing and need for reserves in the Danish power system?

  • How will the offshore wind power and offshore grid development influence the electricity markets in future systems with large scale energy storage and coordination of the electricity system with other energy systems (mainly heat and transport)?
  • How will the scale and architecture of the offshore grid development influence the adequacy and security of supply in the Danish power system?
  • Which polity instruments should be applied to support an effective and cost-efficient transition of the Danish power system combining the offshore development with energy storage and coordination between energy systems?